The Spanish National Climate Change Adaptation Plan is the reference framework for developing adaptation policies in Spain. The vast majority of Spanish autonomous communities have adaptation strategies, plans or actions. However, although these are coherent with the National Adaptation Plan, there has been a lack of implementation. The situation in the region of Navarra is fairly typical. The Strategy against Climate Change of Navarra (SCCN) 2010-2020 was adopted by the regional government in January 2011. However, its implementation has encountered problems and barriers due to the global economic crisis, reduced budget allocations for climate-related measures, and insufficient involvement of key stakeholders. Since the region of Navarra is already experiencing the impacts of climate change, such as temperature increase, reduction of rainfall, decreased crop productivity, increased risk of forest fires and desertification, as well as a number of other impacts, the Climate Change Roadmap for Navarra 2017-2030-2050 (CCRN) and the revised Climate Change Strategy (2018) are key elements to overcome problems and barriers to implementing climate change adaptation measures.
The Integrated LIFE Project NAdapta-CC “Towards an integrated, coherent and inclusive implementation of climate change adaptation policy in Navarre” is the first Integrated LIFE Project on Climate to implement a comprehensive climate change adaptation strategy within an entire regional territory. The project is scheduled to be developed over eight years with a total budget of €15,565,090, with an EU contribution of €9,339,055. In addition, it is planned to mobilise and coordinate the use of an additional €377,657,899 of funding from the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD), the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and other European programmes, along with national, local and private funds, so as to better execute complementary actions for the full implementation of the 2030 Climate Change Adaptation goals for the region.
The main objective of LIFE-IP NAdapta-CC is to increase resilience to climate change in the region of Navarra. In order to achieve this, the government of Navarra as the project coordinator, works together with research institutions and public companies. The cooperative approach between different departments of the governments and other key stakeholders should guarantee the integration of the different sectoral policies, so that the issue of climate change is incorporated into their development and implementation. Besides the principles of participation, and the breaking down of silos between sectors, the main principles of the project are long-term sustainability (enhancing regional capacities), subsidiarity (decision-making close to citizens) and networking (ensuring successful replication of results).
Specific objectives of the project are to:
Lines of Action:
Within the six focus areas identified, there is a wide range of actions/measures that are included within the CCRN, and are related to the main adaptation measures for the natural, rural and urban settings, as well as to cross-sectorial measures:
Climate change monitoring to improve knowledge about climate change impacts in Navarra, in order to adopt adequate adaptation measures. Expected results:
Adaptive management of water: Manage demand considering the variations in the availability of water resources as a result of climate change and the implementation of an action plan to facilitate flood and drought management. Expected results include:
Adaptive management of forestry: Within the project new forestry growth models will be defined in the most vulnerable areas so as to preserve their ecological value and improve forest productivity. Expected results include:
Adaptive management of agriculture: The project aims to develop innovative techniques for the adaptation of the agriculture and livestock sector in terms of irrigation systems and suitable pasture management to guarantee the quality of agriculture and animal health, with the following actions to be developed:
Adaptive management of health: The aim of the project in this sector is to develop guidelines and measures for adaptation to health effects related to climate change impacts, such as extreme heatwaves, changes in rainfall, floods and droughts and the decline of air quality. To this end, the following is planned:
Adaptive management of infrastructure and territorial planning: Promoting energy regeneration of the urban and rural environment and analysing the vulnerability of infrastructures and landscapes. The following actions have been initiated in the framework of the project: